The 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympics is officially known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad. It was an international, multi-sport event held in Japan from 10 to 24 October 1964.
The First Olympics in Asia
The 1964 Tokyo Summer Olympic Games was the first Olympics to be held in Asia. Tokyo was also home to the 1964 Summer Paralympics where the Paralympic Games made its debut. The carrier of the flame, Yoshinori Sakai, was chosen because he was born on 6 August 1945, the day the atomic bomb exploded in Hiroshima, in homage to the victims and as a call for world peace.
The 1964 Tokyo Olympic Games were the first to be telecast internationally without the need for tapes to be flown overseas, as they had been for the 1960 Olympics four years earlier. The games were telecast to the United States using the first geostationary communication satellite, and from there to Europe using American Relay satellites.
These were also the first Olympic Games to have color telecasts, albeit partially. Certain events like the sumo wrestling and judo matches, sports huge in Japan, were trialled using Toshiba's new colour transmission system for the domestic market.
The 1964 Tokyo Olympics were the last to use a traditional cinder track for the track events. A smooth, synthetic, all-weather track was used for the first time at the 1968 Mexico Olympics and at every Olympiad thereafter.
The Tokyo 1964 Games was also the last occasion that hand timing by stopwatch was used for official timing. Whilst a fibreglass pole was used for the first time in the pole vaulting competition.
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